20:32 ICT Thứ hai, 19/11/2018
Cao Lao, Hạ Trạch quê mình, Bốn bề phong cảnh hữu tình nước non

Giới thiệu Cao Lao Hạ»Cao Lao Hạ in English

Cao Lao Ha – The depth of culture of a village

Chủ nhật - 15/04/2012 08:05
Cao Lao Ha people who work far away from home must have remembered an image from the childhood, when they were given a sticky rice dish on their hand by mothers or grandmothers.



In a sweltering day, when the Hot and dry westerly wind (from Laos to Central Vietnam)    We made a trip to Ha Trach Commune, Bo Trach District, which was called Cao Lao Ha in the past. And the people living here proudly call it Ky Phong – Long Khe land.


Ky Phong is a majesticmountain, which in fact is one of the highest hills belonging to Le De cordillera, separated from leaping chain of  Trương Son Moutain running to East Sea. From the highest place of Ky Phong Mountain, looking to Northern, we can see clearly smooth and spreading Cao Lao Ha land, of which the fields are not too much wide and fertile.


What a village! There is a thin, simple track stacked the bank of Linh Giang River, which is the combination of Nay River and Son River flowing into the sea. In Quang Binh, Cao Lao Ha is one of the accent places which were constructed into a land of one commune. For instance, Le Son village nowadays belongs to Van Hoa Commune, Thanh Lang village belongs to Thanh Hoa Commune; and Cao Lao Ha belongs to Ha Trach Commune.Therefore, rural construction, building cultural house, :communal house  are implemented by the administration of the Commune.


For a love-home-person like me,in spite of being attended a lot of  village festivals rarely could I participated such a gorgeous event like ground breaking ceremony for Communal House of the Cao Lao Havillage  . Hundreds of descendants, families from all over  Vietnam gathered to contribute their strength to build the Communal House  including labors, money. Before the beginning of ground breaking ceremony, the dignitaries together with 24 chiefs of families lighted incense and prayed for fallen heroes in two national wars.


In an ancient map,  the picture of Cao Lao Ha also included Ky Son mountain belonging to De Le cordillera and a small river derived from this mountain, wandering into Bau Mot and returning to an accent tower. Nowadays, the cultivation has slowly removed traces of this small river and the tower. And may be this small river doesn’t meander nine times tobe called Cuu Khuc Long Khe (Nine-Meander-Dragon -River).Cuu Khuc Long  Khe is a supernatural land: “Cuu Khuc enters the flow with  Minh Duong makes great literature”

 In the mid- sixteenth century  about 500 years ago, Dr. Duong Van An has referred Cao Lao Hạ as a land where there were many people keen on literature.  In the twentith century, there was a  in the sin-eight-word distich metre piece of art called Cao Lao Huong Su  which was written by Luu Trong Tuan. Besides, there were some famous poets such as Luu Trong Lu, Luu Ky Linh…


Usually, mysterious, imposing land is the land of which the back is mountain and the front is river or field. In contrast, in Ha Trach, the back is river, the front is mountain. All residents of 20 sub-villages of Ha Trach as well as 24 family-worshiped-house face to the South where there are mountains. However, the village’Communal House   faces to the North, to Gianh River. It is supposed that the ancients saw the disadvantage that building their houses facing with the river could against the northeast wind. Houses facing to the South would deal this problem. Also, they could see Le De Mountain as a sign of having good results at studying. The village’s icommunal house  faces to the North in order to catch the spirits of Son and Nay water sources. “The direction of these houses is at Nam Phuong. The shape of the village is as a dragon pearl ship”.


Ha Trach people are  nice and gentle. However, no matter what they study, where they work, they still success and leave good impression. In 19th century,Mr Luu Duc Binh graduated master degree and was a governor of Nghi Xuan district. He was very simple and closed to people. Besides being a politician, he also taught hundreds of scholars. When the King required him to come to the capital, local people wrote a letter asking the King for keeping him stay at the district for over 6 years. His son was Luu Diet - a minister under direction of Can Vuong, Le Mo Khai. Another Binh’s son was Luu Duc Xung who graduated BA’s degree and got high position in the government apparatus. Also he was an author of “Journal of Unified Dai Nam” with Cao Xuan Duc, Tran San and “Quang Binh khoa luc”. Descendants are Luu Trong Tien, Luu Duc Xuan who also got BA’s degree


Besides, there were other people with different positions, such as master Dang Van Thai, Luu Luong, Le Van Gian, Nguyen Khoan Hoang, and Nguyen Van Khu. Having martial positions, there were Le Quang Chanh, Lanh Hoa, Lanh Niem, Quyen Cuu, Vo Soi, Vo Ngon, Vo Gia, Doi Quyen, and Vo Kham who had helped Le Mo Khai and Phan Dinh Phung at Can Vuong’s movement. Especially, celebrity Le Mo Khai or people used to call Le Mo Khoi graduated BA’s bachelor in Tu Duc Dynasty. He was an official in Binh Dinh, Hai Duong. When king Ham Nghi went abroad, Le Mo Khai gathered soldiers in Cao Lao, built base at Trai Nai (where is Ba Trai now) to fight against The French  for nearly 3 years. Today, land, water, and traditional culture of studiousness of Cao Lao Ha have contributed in creating a lot of talents with many celebrities and successful businessman.  For examples, there were Le Van Tri – air force commander in the war against American, Luu Ba Xao, Luu Duong, vice president of people’s committees of Quang Binh province– Luu Van Dang, and a lot of people with different military positions, over 20 doctors, and over 500 people got BA’s degree.


Cao Lao Ha is an accent land. Lam Ap and Cham people had chosen it as their capital. As being written in historical books, in year 248, Lam Ap occupied Khu Tuc. Ton Quyen empowered Luc Dan vice minister Giao Chau An Nam Hieu Uy. Only then, Lam Ap people stopped the war but still kept Khu Tuc .. At Khu Tuc, Lam Ap built an important military stronghold. Many historians supposed that Khu Tuc was Cao Lao Ha; Bo Trach was on The Gianh river right bank.The people of Cao Lao Ha call this military stronghold Thieng Ke Ha(from Thanh Ke Ha as local voice)  We walked along the main road of the citadel which has north-south axis. 1800 years has passed since the leader Khu Lien established Lam Ap country, after that was Chiem citadel, covex citadel – Thieng Ke Ha  - Khu Tuc now only remains with big stones lying in the middle of nature. In Cao Lao Ha, there is another place that must have existed for thousands of years. That is Dong Pho. Local people supposed that there could have been a group of residents living on this flat land with animated streets.


Time with fluctuation of nature and history almost deleted all marks of a citadel. In the northeast of Ha Trach, there is a cork forest submerged in salt water along Gianh River which local people call “sac” forest. As in Feng Shui, this is a black tortoise of a village which helps to resist waves for a dike and resist wind for residential area.


The Communal House of CaoLaoHa village has existed for hundreds years. After the 2 wars, it was damaged. Fortunately, it still remains 2 pillars which are evidences for a monumental comunal hous)in the past. The couplet on these pillars illustrates regal spirit of the village among the national community: “ Thiên khai thịnh hội quang cường tịnh/địa xuất danh hiền duyệt cổ kim. It means: God opens a prosperous and crowed place/ Mother Land born talent people. (The founders were General Luu Van Tien who was honoured  Thanh Hoang Lang (The first one to set up and look after the village’s souls), General Nguyen Van Khai  , Mr  Le Quang Lu , Luu Van, Le Van, Le Quang, Le Chieu and 24 families) In Cao Lao Ha, there was a unique design called “Literature House”. It had 3 spaces in which people worship gpatriarchs of Confucianist . Also, this house used to be a place for holding meetings of scholars.. Besides, there was “Martial House”. This was a ring for masters and learners who had a dream to protect their country.


At the ceremony of rebuilding the Communal House of CaoLaoHa village,there were some people who did not have any position at the government apparatus ,however, they were respected the most.They were 24 chiefs of 24 families.  . This is another unique thing of Cao Lao Ha.The dignitaries thurified  to ancestors . After that, all young and  had a meal together, , they had a very especial way to eat sticky rice dish in the middle of the commune house without using any chopstics or spoons. It does not need to be too strict at behaviors in the meal. Also, this party follows democracy trend. Women and children are allowed to be joined the meal in the middle of Commune House.Nowadays, Ha Trach does not have hungry households. Poor households also decrease. When the harvest time comes, tons of paddies are produced. Cao Lao Ha people who work far away from home must have remembered an image from the childhood, when they were given a sticky rice dish on their hand by mothers or grandmothers. This caring is a small flame that heats so many hearts of many generations. Then, they have created a good image about Cao Lao Ha people through every step that they walk through.


In order to close this writing, we would like to borrow a poem of a famous poet who is also from Cao Lao Ha. This poem was made on the way he came back to the village:


Oh! My homeland, I am coming back

My grey hair reflects on the shells and mussels

As a child rolling over on the sand

Rolling and rolling all my life

I want the sand still sticked on my skin


The poeple of Ky Phong – Long Khe land, have you ever thought like that? Have you ever rolled over Linh Giang dike or Ky Phong hill then asked yourself about your love to Cao Lao Ha village?




The Vietnamese version of this article can be found here. (Xem bản tiếng Việt tại đây)


Tác giả bài viết: Lê Chiêu Phùng. Dịch ra tiếng Anh: Lê Hồng Anh

Từ khóa: Lê Hồng Anh
haild1960- - 16/04/2012 01:47
Đây là một bài dịch rất khó, vì có quá nhiều từ ngữ, thuật ngữ rất chuyên sâu. Lê Hồng Anh đã dành rất nhiều thời gian để hoàn thành bài dich này; trong điều kiện ngoài đời còn bao nhiêu việc phải làm, nhất là với những bạn trẻ mà Hồng Anh có một niềm say mê với quê hương như vậy thật là đáng quý. Còn nhớ trong chương trình góp sách cho thư viện trường tiểu học Hạ Trạch Hồng Anh cũng đã tham gia rất tích cực. Chúc Hồng Anh học giỏi, khỏe mạnh và tiếp tục có nhiều đóng góp cho quê hương
Lê Chiêu Phùng- - 16/04/2012 07:32
Cháu Hồng Anh thân mến! Cám ơn cháu đã dịch bài viết về của chú ra tiếng anh để mọi người cùng đọc. Mặc dù chú không biết tiếng anh nhưng chú thấy đây là một bài dịch công phu lắm. Chú LĐH đã thay lời chú nói rồi, cám ơn cháu nhiều lắm, cháu là một trong những người con ngoan của Cao Lao Hạ và dòng họ Lê Chiêu chúng ta. Chúc cháu Hồng Anh sức khoẻ, học giỏi nghe.
Lê Chiêu Chung- - 16/04/2012 22:36
Hồng Anh thân mến! Trong họ Lê Chiêu Hồng Anh thuộc đời thứ 16, tui cũng đời thứ 16 nhưng tui phải kêu bằng eng mặc dù tui hơn gần 20 tuổi. Khen bài dịch của eng thì dễ bị đánh giá "Mèo khen mèo..." nhưng nói thiệt tui thích đọc bài dịch của eng hơn bài gốc của ÔÔng Phùng. Chúc eng học hành tấn tới và dịch luôn bài "Thuyết âm dương ngũ hành, nghề làm thầy bộ thủy và dòng họ Lê Chiêu ở làng Cao Lao Hạ". Cảm ơn eng nhiều!./.
Lưu Hoa- - 17/04/2012 11:02
Hồng Anh !năm ngoái về quê ăn tết gia đình dì ghé lại Đồng hới và được gặp Hồng Anh chàng trai khôi ngô tuấn tú (con dì cũng bằng tuổi cháu nhưng chưa làm được như Hồng Anh )nay lại thấy cháu có những bài dịch về quê hương mình dì mừng cho Ba Mẹ cháu có được người con ngoan học giỏi .dì tin rằng sau này cháu sẽ làm được nhiều hơn nữa cho quê hương xứng đáng con cháu họ Lê Chiêu của làng Hạ .
Fan HA- - 20/04/2012 18:19
Em là bạn gái của anh Hồng Anh. Em rất tự hào về anh, về Bố anh, về gia đình anh. Em yêu anh
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